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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06MOSCOW6608 2006-06-22 09:36 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Moscow

DE RUEHMO #6608/01 1730936
P 220936Z JUN 06

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 05 MOSCOW 006608 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/22/2016 
MOSCOW 00006608  001.4 OF 005 
Classified By: Minister-Counselor for Political Affairs Kirk Augustine. 
  Reasons: 1.4 (b/d). 
1. (C)  Summary.  Meeting in Moscow June 14, G-8 Political 
Directors/Senior Group Members discussed outstanding issues 
relating to the St. Petersburg Summit statement on 
nonproliferation, including sensitive technology transfers, 
the U.S.-India agreement, and how to deal with the DPRK and 
Iran.  U/S Robert Joseph briefed on the USG's Stabilization 
and Reconstruction initiative, on which the others urged the 
U.S. to brief the UN fully, and on BMENA.  With the explicit 
exception of Russia, political directors urged that the 
frozen conflicts (South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Transnistria, and 
Nagorno-Karabakh)and Belarus be taken up by at the 
Ministerial on June 29.  Disagreement between Russia and the 
others extended to the discussion on Kosovo, with Russia 
arguing that a precedent for resolving separatist conflicts 
would be set.  Additional issues discussed included African 
peacekeeping, Northern Uganda, East Timor, the Middle East, 
and Iraq.  End Summary. 
2. (C)  The Russian chair of the G-8 Nonproliferation 
Directors Group (NPDG), Anatoliy Antonov, briefed on the 
status of the NPDG's work.  He highlighted the principal 
elements of the draft leaders' statement: reaffirmation of 
the importance of IAEA Safeguards and the Additional 
Protocol, President Putin,s proposal for nuclear fuel 
services centers, the U.S. President,s proposal for a Global 
Nuclear Energy Partnership, and fuel supply assurances to 
encourage states not to develop sensitive aspects of the fuel 
cycle.  Antonov said the G-8 had reached consensus that it 
was preferable for India to be drawn into the IAEA framework. 
 He expressed Russia's displeasure at being excluded from the 
Australia Group. 
3. (C)  U/S Joseph, representing the U.S. along with EUR DAS 
David Kramer, strongly advocated calling for the complete, 
verifiable, and irreversible elimination of the DPRK,s 
nuclear programs.  He cautioned the G-8 leaders would need to 
say more if the DPRK goes ahead by the time of the St. 
Petersburg Summit with the provocative step of a long-range 
missile launch.  DFM Kislyak said he understood the G-8 
expected a reference to North Korea.  Japan said the G-8 
should strongly urge North Korea to return to the Six Party 
Talks without preconditions.  Canada said it was shoulder to 
shoulder on the DPRK, as well as Iran, Pakistan, Libya, and 
others.  U/S Joseph urged a forward-looking statement on PSI 
given the success in expanding PSI in Central Asia and the 
Gulf to deal with North Korea and Iran. 
4. (C)  U/S Joseph argued that the language on transfers of 
enrichment and reprocessing technology in the current draft 
statement does not go beyond the existing NSG policy of 
restraint, and urged that the prudent policy of refraining 
from such transfers adopted at Sea Island and Gleneagles be 
extended for another year.  Canada reiterated its strong 
interest in a criteria-based approach to sensitive nuclear 
transfers; restrictions should not apply to transfers among 
G-8 members.  Italy supported that approach, and said it 
could live with language in the draft statement supporting a 
one-year moratorium on technology transfers.  France 
supported the criteria-based approach, cautioning that the 
language in the statement on sensitive technology would be 
watched carefully; it was important to avoid the impression 
that there are two classes of countries in the world. 
5. (C)  U/S Joseph briefed on the status of Congressional 
consideration of U.S.-India civil nuclear cooperation, and 
proposed that the St. Petersburg statement welcome the 
nonproliferation commitments India has undertaken, encourage 
their implementation, and call on India to negotiate with the 
IAEA.  Kislyak noted that varying approaches to India would 
make it an issue for the G-8 beyond the Russian presidency. 
Japan said it had proposed alternate language for the 
leaders' statement to take into account concerns about India 
raised at the last NSG meeting, and fully supported 
integrating India into the NPT.  Italy called the U.S.-India 
agreement "welcome," and Germany noted that moving India 
toward the NPT would be "a process."  Canada said it would 
MOSCOW 00006608  002.7 OF 005 
take a "constructive approach" to dealing with India. 
Stabilization and Reconstruction 
6. (C)  In his opening presentation on the U.S. initiative 
for Stabilization and Reconstruction and in response to 
questions, U/S Joseph emphasized that no new funding 
requirements were envisioned a
nd that the UN would remain the 
primary actor in peacekeeping operations, though he added 
that we want to include regional organizations as well.  The 
U.S. was not proposing to change or dilute the authority of 
the UN, nor to create new supranational structures.  The S&R 
initiative was more about strengthening existing 
organizations and improving interoperability. He also noted 
U.S. hope to see implementation of the Transportation and 
Logistics Support Arrangement (TLSA).  He also proposed a 
meeting of experts within two months of the Summit as the 
next step. 
7. (C)  Italy, noting its support for the initiative, 
reiterated the view that the UN must have the primary role in 
responding to crises and post-crisis situations.  It also 
called for more attention to early warning mechanisms. 
Germany advocated key countries, such as the G-8, using their 
political influence to ensure the UN Peacebuilding Commission 
(PCB) would work and that devolving authority to regional 
organizations be bolstered.  It pointed to the problem of 
lack of early action, not early warning.  Canada said it 
supports the S&R initiative, after having some questions 
answered by U/S Burns, emphasizing the value in helping 
coordinate national activities.  Canada stressed the primacy 
of the UN and the PCB, as did the UK, lent its support for 
the initiative and added that the lessons from the past 10 
years ought to be more effectively marshaled.  The EU Council 
argued G-8 states can help bolster the UN by providing the 
better communications and intelligence the DPKO is always 
asking for.  Japan, France, and the European Commission 
echoed support for UN primacy.  Japan inquired about how to 
launch the process. 
8. (C)  Kislyak summed up by noting the consensus on UN 
primacy and bolstering the UN Peacebuilding Commission.  He 
said the intent not to create a new structure or new funding 
requirements were welcome, but more specifics needed to be 
addressed before a G-8 Ministers' statement would be 
warranted.  U/S Joseph responded that the G-8 leaders' 
backing would give the initiative a strong start and noted 
the experts meeting.  The Commission advised consulting with 
India,  China, and other countries whose support would be 
important, as well as with the UN.  Kislyak agreed that the 
initiative should not come as a surprise to the UN and asked 
the USG to consult on the matter before the ministerial. 
African Peacekeeping/Security 
9. (C)  The UK stressed that PM Blair would want to see 
follow up on the British presidency's focus on Africa, and 
argued for the G-8 Summit to highlight successes in the past 
year, such as international backing for the AU's Darfur 
mission and the Abuja peace agreement.  Canada added that the 
government of Sudan is engaged in foot-dragging regarding 
Darfur, and that G8 members should actively engage Sudan on 
this.  The UK added that the international community ought to 
more systematically engage with China on its activities in 
Africa, lest they run at cross-purposes to efforts to build 
good governments. 
Northern Uganda 
10. (C)  Canada gave a briefing on its efforts to resolve the 
situation: the scale of fighting has been reduced but 
abductions are still occurring; the GOU is not showing enough 
leadership on ensuring IDPs can return home.  It was crucial 
for the G-8 to get involved to keep the GOU's attention. 
Germany agreed with Canada's assessment, noting more pressure 
could also be put on the LRA, perhaps by international 
prosecutions.  Kislyak said the Russian MFA had sent a team, 
led by the Director of its Sub-Saharan Africa Department, to 
assess the situation.  They concurred with Canada's 
assessment, adding only that the GOU needs more funding to 
address humanitarian concerns.  U/S Joseph agreed, saying the 
MOSCOW 00006608  003.9 OF 005 
USG has been providing humanitarian assistance and working to 
pressure the GOU.  Kislyak said the issue would be on the 
ministerial agenda. 
11. (C)  All the delegations expressed disappointment over 
the refusal of the Armenian and Azerbaijani Presidents to 
accept the Minsk Group's modest draft agreement.  Germany 
noted that there is still a window of opportunity to push for 
progress before the election cycles of 2007-2008.  The 
Russian MFA's Andrey Kelin saw the window of opportunity 
already closed, but thought the conflict would remain 
manageable; other delegations were more pessimistic, with the 
Japanese, Italians, and Germans noting the potential for 
further deterioration and renewal of fighting. 
12. (C)  The UK and U/S Joseph both thought that the issue 
needed to be at the attention now of the G-8 leaders. 
Kislyak argued pressure on the Azeris and Armenians would be 
ineffective and require the leaders to "escalate" the 
pressure next year if there was no result.  Germany said the 
German presidency next year would have no problem continuing 
to focus on the issue.  Germany thought that the leaders 
might not in fact force Aliyev and Korcharian to agree, but 
political will was what the two presidents lacked most now 
and a statement from the combined G-8 leaders would be a 
powerful motivator.  There was no alternative to a peaceful 
resolution, all agreed. 
13. (C)  Belarus, Georgia, and Moldova were not formally on 
the agenda for the meeting (contrary to agreement from the 
Russians at the April 19 meeting that they would be) and 
instead were raised under the "Any Other Business" listing on 
the agenda.  Canada led off the discussion on Belarus by 
noting the Ministers will want to discuss it -- not to 
highlight and provoke differences but to focus on the fact 
that the regime in Minsk clearly stands in contrast to the 
fundamental values of the G-8.  The UK seconded inclusion of 
Belarus and the South Caucasus on the ministerial agenda, 
arguing that Europe has an immediate concern with security in 
its neighborhood and differences can be narrowed through 
dialogue, as they had been in the Balkans.  Germany and the 
Commission echoed the neighborhood security concerns, with 
the Germans arguing that the G-8 cannot simply discuss 
problems in Africa and other places and ignore them "next 
door."  The Austrian Presidency noted Moscow's possible 
moderating influence on Belarus in the days following the 
election as a sign that we could discuss these issues.  DAS 
Kramer pressed for a constructive approach to dealing with 
these issues, avoiding confrontation, and argued for using 
the G-8 to highlight Belarus' Helsinki Final Act and OSCE 
commitments, and the territorial integrity or Georgia and 
14. (C)  Kislyak recited familiar Russian points: Putin and 
Lukashenko discuss Russia's problems with Belarus, but the &#
x000A;situation there is far from "fascist" as some have described 
it.  He drew attention to Russia's problems with Georgia's 
human rights record and argued for preserving the mechanisms 
that exist to deal with the frozen conflicts.  Kramer pushed 
back on Kislyak,s claim that the human rights record in 
Georgia was no better than that in Belarus.  Kislyak added 
that Russia takes seriously the calls for the Ministers to 
discuss these issues and "you can rest assured that Sergey 
Lavrov does not shy away from serious issues." 
15. (C) Germany said G-8 foreign ministers should make a 
public statement in support for UN Special Envoy for the 
Kosovo Status talks Martti Ahtisaari.  Kosovo is now at a 
crucial stage; decisions made now will determine the outcome 
of relations between Albanians and Serbs for decades to come. 
 He said more had to be done in terms of outreach to Kosovo's 
Serbs.  Though both sides had not gotten beyond merely 
stating their positions, Serbian Prime Minister Kostunica 
appeared willing to engage the Kosovar Albanians at the 
highest level.  This initiative should be helped along as a 
MOSCOW 00006608  004.6 OF 005 
starting point for negotiations, he said. 
16. (C) Kislyak highlighted the difficult political position 
Serbia is in, with the recent "loss" of Montenegro.  He 
argued for slowing the pace of negotiations, and not 
insisting talks be completed by November.  Kislyak also 
warned that the final status of Kosovo could become a 
precedent for resolving other frozen conflicts, and that an 
independent Kosovo could result in independence for other 
breakaway republics.  To this, the German asked Kislyak to 
elaborate as to which breakaway republics he was referring: 
"Are you talking about Chechnya?"  Kislyak responded that 
Chechnya was being resolved "through a different process," 
and that he was referring to Abkhazia, South Ossetia and 
17. (C) DAS Kramer responded that Kosovo is unique and 
offered no precedent.  He added that the dissolution of 
Serbia-Montenegro followed a mutually agreed upon 
constitutional process.  Kramer noted that the situation in 
Kosovo emanated from Milosevic,s policy of ethnic Cleansing, 
NATO actions, and UN administration.  He warned against using 
either as a precedent and going down the "slippery slope" of 
promoting secession. 
Middle East Peace Plan 
18. (C) Kislyak stated the need to maintain financial 
assistance to the PA.  He said that the recent deaths of 
several Palestinian family members on a beach in the Gaza 
Strip, followed by Hamas' militant response, did not bode 
well for maintaining stability in the area.  He emphasized 
that Hamas officials were legitimately elected and that they 
are now as responsible for the peace process as the Israelis 
or Fatah.  France stressed the need for Hamas to fulfill the 
three Quartet principles and added that a mechanism should be 
constructed to allow social assistance and for PA employees 
to be paid.  The EU urged the ministerial publicly support 
the TIM, which would be providing 105 million Euros for these 
purposes in the coming weeks, and did not provide legitimacy 
for Hamas.  The UK echoed this view. 
19. (C) The UK urged greater G-8 support for rebuilding Iraq, 
suggesting the G-8 develop an "Iraq Compact," similar to the 
one for Afghanistan, with G-8 members pledging assistance for 
the achievement of specific goals.  Japan agreed, but said an 
Iraq Compact would have to be tailor made, and not mirror the 
Afghan Compact, as the situation in Iraq is much different. 
The EU said it plans establish a 20 million euro assistance 
program to help provide basic services and assistance for 
democratic development. 
20. (C) Canada said there is room for optimism in Haiti but 
cautioned that the international community must maintain its 
engagement.  He stated that the international community left 
Haiti too soon in the 1990s, and that this mistake should not 
be repeated.  He pointed out that the current United Nations 
Stabilization Mission in Haiti will expire in August, and G-8 
members and the UN must decide whether it should be renewed. 
Broader Middle East and North Africa 
21. (C) U/S Joseph said that the G-8 must continue to promote 
broader freedom in the Middle East and North Africa.  He said 
the U.S. was looking forward to the Broader Middle East and 
North Africa (BMENA) Forum for the Future, to be held 
December 2-3 in Jordan and co-hosted by Russia.  He added 
that the U.S. was also looking forward to providing 
assistance for democratic development, and the Forum will be 
an excellent opportunity to evaluate progress.  He praised 
efforts of other members, including the UK, Italy and the 
European Commission.  He also highlighted the progress made 
on establishing the Foundation for the Future, as well as the 
Democracy Assistance Dialogue meetings.  The Germans said 
that while Germany supports the goals of the BMENA forum, it 
believed that these goals should be discussed within the 
MOSCOW 00006608  005.7 OF 005 
framework of the Forum for the Future, rather than the G-8 
summit.  Japan voiced strong support for BMENA. 
East Timor 
22. (C) The Japanese said the situation is now critical, and 
that Prime Minister Koizumi planned to raise the issue when 
foreign ministers meet. 
Draft Agenda for Ministerial 
23. (C) Kislyak said Russia will begin drafting an agenda for 
the ministerial based on the day's discussions.  While 
suggesting that political directors prepare their ministers 
to focus on the main issues -- which he identified as Iran 
and the Middle East first and foremost followed by North 
Korea and regional crises -- he also noted that there would 
be opportunity to raise other issues. 
24. (U)  This cable was cleared by U/S Joseph's office and 
EUR DAS Kramer. 


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