07MOSCOW3155, RUSSIA/MOLDOVA: PUTIN-VORONIN MEETING

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07MOSCOW3155 2007-06-28 10:32 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Moscow

VZCZCXRO8153
PP RUEHDBU
DE RUEHMO #3155 1791032
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 281032Z JUN 07
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1685
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY

C O N F I D E N T I A L MOSCOW 003155 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/28/2017 
TAGS: PREL ETRD MARR MD RS
SUBJECT: RUSSIA/MOLDOVA:  PUTIN-VORONIN MEETING 
 
 
Classified By: PolMinCouns Alice G. Wells.  Reason:  1.4 (b, d) 
 
Summary 
------- 
 
1. (C) Russian Ambassador at Large for Transnistria 
Nesterushkin June 26 gave us a brief readout of the June 22 
Putin-Voronin meeting.  The meeting focused on bilateral 
issues, making progress on wine and natural gas prices. 
Putin raised Russian concerns about new Moldovan controls on 
imports to Transnistria, and Nesterushkin used this to launch 
a criticism of Ukraine, the EU and Moldova; and to announce 
Transnistrian suspension of participation in the "5 plus 2" 
peace process.  END SUMMARY 
 
 
2. (C) Nesterushkin led off with Putin's concerns over new 
customs regulations governing imports to Transnistria. 
Nesterushkin used Putin's words to launch into criticism of a 
meeting called by Ukraine inviting the EU, Moldova and 
Transnistria -- but not Russia -- to Odessa June 20 to 
discuss the regulations.  Nesterushkin showed us an outraged 
letter he had just received from Transnistrian negotiator 
Litskai, complaining that when the Transnistrians arrived in 
Odessa they found themselves barred from the meeting. 
Litskai announced that Transnistria will not to take part in 
5 plus 2 peace negotiations until the regulations are 
repealed.  Nesterushkin said he met June 25 with EU 
negotiator Kalman Mizsei, who assured him that "everything 
will be okay," a claim Nesterushkin viewed with incredulity. 
 
3. (C) Returning to the Putin-Voronin meeting, Nesterushkin 
said that Putin ordered the return of high-quality Moldovan 
wines to the Russian market; now that the bans on 
agricultural products have been lifted, only a ban on lower 
quality wines remains.  Putin and Voronin discussed energy 
and pipelines, with Putin promising a five-year transition to 
full market pricing of natural gas.  The two agreed on wider 
exports of electricity from the generation plant on 
Transnistrian territory.  They discussed Russian investment 
in Moldova, including in renewal of the irrigation system. 
They discussed CIS reform, and Putin assured Voronin that 
there is no contradiction between good Russian-Moldovan 
relations and Moldova's aspirations for European integration. 
 
4. (C) Nesterushkin said Putin spent a long time discussing 
Kosovo with Voronin.  Putin did not frame it as a prelude to 
recognition of Transnistria.  But he stressed the need for 
dialogue between the two parties to the conflict. 
Nesterushkin said he doubted the two presidents would discuss 
anything serious "in the intervals between placing bets" at 
the upcoming horse races at Rostov-on-Don. 
 
Comment 
------- 
 
5. (C) The Transnistrian moratorium on participating in the 5 
plus 2 negotiations and Putin's stress on direct contacts 
between the two sides point to an unspoken Russian goal:  the 
"de-internationalization" of the conflict.  We are picking up 
hints that Russia wants to minimize the 5 plus 2 (in which 
the U.S., EU, Ukraine, and OSCE also participate), making it 
at most a rubber stamp for decisions reached in what amounts 
to a "1 plus 1 plus 1" format.  In those talks, Russia would 
be the "1" in the middle, playing Moldova and Transnistria 
off to reach an agreement preserving Russian interests. 
These are military:  preservation of a Russian military 
presence; political:  Moldovan "neutrality" with strong 
limits on Romanian and Ukrainian influence; and economic: 
guarantees for Russian investments in Transnistria. 
BURNS

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