Daily Archives: July 22, 2009

09MOSCOW1876, ROC ADVOCATES CREATION OF AN INTER-RELIGIOUS

WikiLeaks Link

To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference.
Discussing cables
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09MOSCOW1876.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09MOSCOW1876 2009-07-22 11:41 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Moscow

VZCZCXRO3368
OO RUEHDBU RUEHLN RUEHPOD RUEHSK RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHMO #1876/01 2031141
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 221141Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4317
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHRH/AMEMBASSY RIYADH PRIORITY 0288
RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV PRIORITY 2233
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 001876 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL PGOV PHUM PINR KIRF SOCI RS
SUBJECT: ROC ADVOCATES CREATION OF AN INTER-RELIGIOUS 
COUNCIL IN UNESCO 
 
1.  (SBU)  Summary.  Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) External 
Church Relations Chairman Archbishop Hilarion advocated to 
the Ambassador for interfaith dialogue through the creation 
of an Inter-Religious Council within UNESCO and the 
strengthening of inter-Orthodox and inter-Christian 
relationships.  Hilarion explained these foreign policy 
priorities of the ROC included strengthening the ROC's 
relationship with the Patriarch of Constantinople, working 
with the Catholic Church and reaching out to help organize 
the ROC's global diasporas.  Hilarion also argued that 
Russia's demographic problem was a spiritual rather than 
economic concern.  End Summary. 
 
ROC Advocates Creation of UNESCO Inter-Religious Council 
--------------------------------------------- ----------- 
 
2.  (SBU)  Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) Archbishop Hilarion 
Alfeyev, Chairman of the ROC Department for External Church 
Relations (DECR), hosted Ambassador on July 20, 2009 at his 
office in Moscow.  Accompanying the Archbishop was the Deputy 
Chairman of the DECR, Father Philip.  Following the recent 
July 6-8 US-Russia Presidential Summit, which included a 
meeting between President Obama and ROC Patriarch Kirill, the 
Archbishop commented on the importance of the ROC to 
strengthen international interfaith dialogue.  He explained 
the ROC wanted to strengthen not only inter-Orthodox 
relationships but also inter-Christian and non-Christian 
relationships.  Specifically, the Archbishop hopes to enhance 
these relationships through an Inter-Religious Council the 
ROC plans to create in dialogue with the United Nations 
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 
 
3.  (SBU)  Hilarion and Father Philip said that the ROC would 
participate in a meeting of Religious leaders from multiple 
faiths in Moscow on July 21 in preparation for a meeting on 
July 22 with the UNESCO Director-General Koichiro Matsuura. 
Patriarch Kirill will participate in both meetings.  RF 
President Dmitry Medvedev will meet Director-General Matsuura 
and the religious leaders on July 21.  The ROC wants to 
create an Inter-Religious Council composed of leaders from 
various faiths to include ROC, Catholic, Protestant, Islamic, 
Jewish and Buddhism, and hopefully create a permanent 
secretariat in the council at UNESCO.  Hilarion envisioned 
that the council would propose ideas to create permanent 
mechanisms for inter-faith dialogue.  He stressed, however, 
the council should provide concrete results and not just 
declarations, and concentrate on a broad range of global 
issues such as religious defamation, tolerance, education, 
holy places and pilgrimage sites. 
 
4.  (SBU)  The religious leaders involved beyond the ROC 
include President of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation 
Rabbi Arthur Schneier, Chief Rabbi of Israel Yona Metzger, 
Caucasus Moslems Clerical Office head Sheikh-ul-Islam Allah 
Shukur Pashazade of Azerbaijan, head of the department for 
relations with foreign countries and other Christian 
confessions of the Evangelical Church of Germany Bishop 
Martin Schindehutte, the Holy See official representative to 
Russia, Archbishop Antonio Menini, and Deputy 
Secretary-General of the World Islamic League Mohammad Hayat 
of Saudi Arabia.  According to the Archbishop, Saudi Arabia 
is very involved in the initiative for the Inter-Religious 
Council.  He also elaborated that eventually he hoped the 
leaders would broaden the group to consist of approximately 
25 to 30 members representing multiple faiths. 
 
Patriarch of Constantinople and Inter-Orthodox Relationships 
--------------------------------------------- --------------- 
 
5.  (SBU)  As chairman of the DECR, Hilarion explained that 
along with interfaith relations, the primary task of the 
DECR's foreign policy was to improve relations within the 
Orthodox churches.  A priority among these remains the ROC 
relationship with the Patriarch of Constantinople.  Hilarion 
hoped to see the relationship with Constantinople move from a 
"situation of confrontation to one of cooperation and mutual 
trust."  During the recent meetings between Patriarch Kirill 
and the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople 
and the whole of Greek Orthodox Church, Kirill offered 
suggestions to Bartholomew to help the situation for the 
Greek Orthodox Church in Turkey. 
 
6.  (SBU)  The Archbishop stated the Greek Orthodox Church in 
Turkey had restrained its activities and faced a shrinking 
congregation.  Bartholomew wants to reopen theological 
schools, restore churches and improve places of pilgrimage. 
Hilarion believed the ROC could help Bartholomew accomplish 
 
MOSCOW 00001876  002 OF 003 
 
 
these goals.  Kirill met with the Turkish Prime Minister in &#
x000A;Ankara following his meetings with Bartholomew in early July 
2009 and expressed these concerns.  The Archbishop was also 
concerned about the Greek Orthodox Church's shrinking 
pastoral community and the large number of Russians living in 
and visiting Turkey.  According to Hilarion, many of these 
Russians are Orthodox and would welcome opportunities for 
worship in Turkey.  He assured the Ambassador, however, that 
the ROC would not build any structures of its own in Turkey. 
 
7.  (SBU)  Beyond the relationship with Constantinople, 
Hilarion was not overly optimistic about full reconciliation 
of the Orthodox churches.  He referred to the recent 
inter-Orthodox meeting in Switzerland in June 2009 where it 
was discussed how to organize better Orthodox diasporas and 
increase unity among the various Orthodox groups around the 
world.  He stated that a key issue of the ROC on diasporas 
and a main difference with the Ecumenical Patriarch was that 
the ROC still holds to its own diasporas, some of which are 
centuries old, while the Ecumenical Patriarch believed they 
belong to him.  Hilarion thought it would be impossible to 
bring all the diasporas automatically into one church. 
Instead, he offered his vision of one Orthodox Church within 
a city but with five or more Bishops each representing 
distinct ethnic or linguistic groups.  The Archbishop 
believed the same was possible for the Orthodox churches in 
the United States.  Specifically, he hoped for the formation 
of a single Orthodox Church in the United States embracing 
all separate Orthodox jurisdictions with Bishops responsible 
for ethnically and linguistically distinguished 
congregations. 
 
Inter-Christian Relationships 
----------------------------- 
 
8.  (SBU)  The Archbishop also stated that inter-Christian 
relationships could be strengthened but emphasized more of 
the ROC's relationship with the Catholic Church than with 
Protestant churches.  Instead of concentrating on 
differences, he believed the ROC could work with the Catholic 
Church to work against common challenges such as militant 
secularism and violent Islam.  Hilarion felt the solution 
with ROC's relationship with Protestant churches was much 
less obvious.  He stated there were significant differences 
on a theological level and moral teachings between the ROC 
and Protestant churches, and believed that some Protestant 
teachings were a strong liberalization of moral teachings. 
He did not think the ROC and the Protestant churches could 
speak with a common voice. 
 
Russia's Demographic Problem 
---------------------------- 
 
9.  (SBU)  To fight Russia's demographic problem, Hilarion 
stated, was a problem that could not be solved exclusively by 
the state or the church but would require cooperation.  He 
believed that only the church could provide the necessary 
teachings of the meaning and importance of family to help 
solve the problem.  He argued that Russia's demographic 
problem was not economic but spiritual because the meaning of 
family was lost through secularism and materialism.  Hilarion 
believed modern families no longer viewed a large family as a 
blessing.  Further, he did not believe Russia's Soviet 
history and mentality had a greater effect on the demographic 
problem, because other countries that did not live through a 
Soviet-like regime were experiencing similar problems. 
 
Comment 
------- 
 
10.  (SBU)  Comment.  Archbishop Hilarion has the position, 
influence and charisma to remain a strong leader of the ROC 
and perhaps eventual successor to Patriarch Kirill.  As 
Kirill's hand-picked replacement as DECR Chairman, Hilarion 
is likely to stay closely in step with Kirill in policies and 
opinions.  Hilarion is a young, energetic, talented and 
worldly leader within the ROC, not unlike his mentor Kirill. 
He speaks fluent English, holds two doctoral degrees from 
Oxford and St. Sergius Orthodox Institute in Paris and has a 
good relationship with the ROC in America -- including a 
stint delivering lectures in Alaska.  With this impressive 
background, Hilarion will at a minimum serve as an appealing 
international face of the ROC.  Hilarion appeared sincere 
about creating interfaith dialogue and improving 
inter-Orthodox and inter-Christian relationships, but clearly 
not to the detriment of ROC authority.  In fact, Hilarion 
likely sees the Inter-Religious Council and outreach to the 
 
MOSCOW 00001876  003 OF 003 
 
 
diasporas as an opportunity to expand ROC authority and 
influence.  End Comment. 
BEYRLE

Wikileaks

09MOSCOW1873, U/S BURNS JULY 7 MEETING WITH DFM KARASIN:

WikiLeaks Link

To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference.
Discussing cables
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09MOSCOW1873.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09MOSCOW1873 2009-07-22 09:55 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Moscow

VZCZCXRO3288
OO RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHNP RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHMO #1873/01 2030955
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 220955Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4313
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 MOSCOW 001873 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/21/2019 
TAGS: PREL PGOV MARR KG GG AZ AR RS
SUBJECT: U/S BURNS JULY 7 MEETING WITH DFM KARASIN: 
NAGORNO-KARABAKH, CENTRAL ASIA, GEORGIA, UKRAINE 
 
Classified By: Ambassador John R. Beyrle for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d). 
 
1. (C) Summary.  In a meeting with U/S Burns July 7, on the 
margins of the President's visit to Moscow, Deputy Foreign 
Minister Grigoriy Karasin said he was optimistic about the 
chances of a settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.  He 
urged the U.S. and Russia to be transparent on dealings in 
Central Asia, and stressed that Moscow "hoped" that the new 
U.S. deal on Manas would be for temporary transit purposes 
for Afghanistan and not a permanent military establishment. 
The latter would be seen as almost as provocative to Moscow 
as NATO enlargement.  He acknowledged that Deputy PM Sechin 
and Defense Minister Serdyukov were in Bishkek, without 
specifying the nature of their trip.  Karasin said Russia 
supported continuation of the Geneva process for Georgia, but 
reiterated arguments that Tbilisi was playing a political 
game rather than seeking to stabilize the situation. U/S 
Burns countered Karasin's claim that Russia was seeing U.S. 
military support for Georgia, stressing that U.S. efforts 
were currently focused on training.  Karasin expressed 
concern at growing nationalism in Ukraine and perceived 
efforts by Kyiv to politicize differences with Russia over 
the Black Sea Fleet.  He urged A/S Gordon and A/S Blake to 
visit Moscow for bilateral meetings soon.  End summary. 
 
Nagorno-Karabakh 
---------------- 
 
2. (C) Karasin told U/S Burns he was "unusually optimistic" 
about the chances for resolving the conflict in 
Nagorno-Karabakh.  He said he thought there was a good 
possibility the two Presidents would reach an agreement on 
the issues of refugees and the Lachin corridor.  He liked the 
idea of a U.S.-Russia-France statement at the G8, and thought 
that if the Armenian and Azerbaijani Presidents could reach 
agreement on the principles at their meeting in Moscow on 
July 17, it would be a very important achievement. 
 
3. (C) Karasin commented that the Turkey-Armenia new "love 
affair" had Baku nervous, but said it was good and we should 
welcome it.  He praised the work of the Minsk Group and said 
he would be interested in any new ideas the U.S. could 
suggest on how to proceed. 
 
Central Asia 
------------ 
 
4. (C) U/S Burns told DFM Karasin that he would be traveling 
to Central Asia following the G8 Summit in Italy. Karasin 
said the recent events in Urumqi showed how fragile the 
stability in that part of the world was.  China was even more 
stable than the Central Asian countries, and Urumqi was 
dangerous because of the possible domino effect in other 
regions.  He said the U.S. and Russia should assess together 
the challenges in Central Asia and consider each other's 
priorities in the region. 
 
5. (C) Karasin noted that Russia wanted to play its own role 
with the Central Asian countries, but they also had their own 
interests with Russia. Russia had many more contacts with 
Central Asia than before; President Medvedev and PM Putin 
were actively engaged, and had visited the region several 
times.  The leaders of the countries would likely be in 
Moscow for the Presidents' Cup horse races July 17-18, and it 
was possible that Medvedev would visit the region, including 
perhaps Tajikistan, at the end of July.  Russia was 
politically involved, but was trying to develop more economic 
and trade ties, and believed that more business and projects 
should follow. 
 
6. (C) Karasin wryly commented that the Central Asian 
countries often tried to play the U.S. off against Russia and 
vice-versa.  The U.S. and Russia should be transparent, blunt 
and understand each other's "maneuvers" regarding the region. 
 "Competition should be fair and contribute to stability in 
the region."  He also commented that Russia had been 
suspicious of U.S. efforts to put Central Asian countries 
with Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and other countries in the 
region.  Russia did not agree that they had similar problems 
and issues, but was concerned that the problems in 
Afghanistan and Pakistan - Islamic fundamentalism, narcotics 
trafficking, extremism, and instability - would eventually 
migrate to Central Asia.  He asked whether the U.S. really 
thought Central Asian nations could do more to solve the 
problems in Afghanistan.  U/S Burns said there were obvious 
 
MOSCOW 00001873  002 OF 003 
 
 
differences between the Central Asian states and those of 
South Asia, but emphasized the practical value of cooperation 
on issues like electricity and trade, and the importance of 
overflight and transit arrangements in Central Asia for our &#x0
00A;common stake in stability in Afghanistan. 
 
Manas 
----- 
 
7. (C) Karasin stressed that Russia hoped the new U.S. 
agreement with Bishkek was for "transit" and not for a 
"permanent military establishment."  The latter would "touch 
Russia's strategic interests," and would be seen as a "second 
variant" to NATO enlargement - not as serious as NATO but 
similar in its impact on Russian security.  He said the deal 
we reached seemed to be about 90 percent the same as the 
previous arrangement.  U/S Burns said that the transit 
arrangements were similar, but the security and financial 
aspects were different.  He emphasized that we have no 
interest in permanent military bases in the region.  Karasin 
acknowledged that Deputy PM Sechin and Defense Minister 
Serdyukov were in Bishkek, but merely said he hoped they 
would "bring some concrete results back" without specifying 
the nature of their trip. 
 
Georgia 
------- 
 
8. (C) Karasin said that Tbilisi needed to "change its 
political philosophy."  Georgia wanted to be an enemy to all 
its neighbors, and could act with impunity because it felt 
that it was supported by the major powers.  This was a 
dangerous attitude, Karasin warned.  Tbilisi should realize 
that it would be better to search for "friendly language" 
with Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and even with Russia. 
 
9. (C) Moscow had "honestly" supported efforts - and spent 
long, sleepless nights - to find solutions on the OSCE and UN 
monitors, Karasin said, but it was "clear that Georgia had 
been given the choice in Vienna, New York, and Geneva between 
stability and playing a political game, and had chosen the 
latter." 
 
10. (C) U/S Burns countered Karasin's claim that Russia was 
seeing U.S. military support for Georgia, stressing that U.S. 
efforts were currently focused on training.  Karasin said 
Russia now had border guards in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, 
and knew there "wouldn't be an avalanche of recognitions," 
but there needed to be some new ideas.  Moscow would continue 
to support Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's economic and social 
development, but needed "normal behavior" from Tbilisi. 
 
11. (C) Karasin emphasized that at the OSCE, Russia had not 
pressed for two completely separate missions, but for two 
missions reporting to the same chief in Vienna.  The same was 
true at the UN, but Tbilisi "preferred instability," he 
claimed. 
 
12. (C) Russia believed the Geneva process should continue, 
Karasin said, because it gave an opportunity for the Abkhaz 
and South Ossetians to face the Georgians, and it was in all 
our interests to promote such continued communication. 
 
Ukraine 
------- 
 
13. (C) Karasin said he generally shared the view that the 
political and economic situation in Ukraine was a mess, and 
that the leadership needed to stop squabbling among 
themselves and focus on efforts to overcome the problems. 
U/S Burns stressed that our main interest in Ukraine right 
now was stability. 
 
14. (C) Karasin said that initially, Moscow had been 
concerned about the scheduling of the elections for January 
17, since it was likely all the candidates would use 
end-of-year gas issues with Russia in their campaigns. 
Moscow was increasingly concerned about two issues: 
perceived growing "nationalism" in Ukraine, as evidenced by 
events at the 300th anniversary of the battle of Poltava; and 
second, efforts to politicize differences over Sevastopol and 
the Black Sea Fleet (BSF) and to link them to the U.S. and 
NATO.  The practical difficulties over the BSF could easily 
be resolved, Karasin argued, but Kyiv kept trying to 
politicize the issue.  Still, Karasin said, the relationship 
 
MOSCOW 00001873  003 OF 003 
 
 
was "normal," with a lot of contacts, and Russia still 
considered Ukraine as "close and friendly."  Karasin 
contended that "if we could sweep away the artificial flavor 
of Ukrainian bad nationalism, it would be better for 
everyone." 
 
15. (C) On gas issues, Karasin said the signing of the accord 
between the EU and Ukraine, with no Russian input two days 
before the Brussels conference, had been "peculiar."  It was 
clear the EU, Ukraine and Russia had to get together and 
settle the gas transit problems; it could not be done without 
Moscow.  (He added with a twinkle that corruption in the 
energy sector was much worse in Ukraine than in Russia). If 
both sides were serious, they needed to be transparent. 
Russian officials, particularly Putin, were very clear 
(though he noted that Gazprom chief Alexey Miller was less 
so), but Ukraine had no logic; it wanted the supply but did 
not want to pay. 
 
A/S Gordon 
---------- 
 
16. (SBU) Several times, Karasin said Moscow would very much 
welcome visits by A/S Gordon and A/S Blake to Moscow and 
looked forward to meeting with them soon. 
BEYRLE

Wikileaks

09MOSCOW1869, INTERNET PIRACY: RUSSIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT SUCCESSFULLY TAKES

WikiLeaks Link

To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference.
Discussing cables
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09MOSCOW1869.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09MOSCOW1869 2009-07-22 03:36 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Moscow

VZCZCXRO3059
RR RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHDA RUEHDBU RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK RUEHKW RUEHLA
RUEHLN RUEHLZ RUEHNP RUEHPOD RUEHROV RUEHSK RUEHSL RUEHSR RUEHVK
RUEHYG
DE RUEHMO #1869/01 2030336
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 220336Z JUL 09
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4310
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 MOSCOW 001869 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR EUR/RUS(TUMINARO), EEB/IPE(URBAN) 
STATE PLEASE PASS TO USTR KALVAREZ, PBURKHEAD 
USDOC 4231 JBROUGHER 
USPTO MSMITH 
DOJ/CCIPS 
 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ETRD KIPR ECON RS
SUBJECT: INTERNET PIRACY: RUSSIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT SUCCESSFULLY TAKES 
DOWN ILLEGAL WEBSITE 
 
REF: MOSCOW 1439 
 
 
1. (SBU) Summary.  Russian law enforcement, in collaboration with 
local industry, conducted a raid against an Internet piracy release 
group "Interfilm" and arrested the owners of their bit- torrent 
site, "Interfilm.ru." The criminal action against this site is not 
only the first in Russia since the infamous AllofMP3.com case in 
2007, but is also the first successful take down of an illegal site 
that offered films for download.  Authorities filed a criminal case 
against Interfilm operators and are seeking the maximum prison 
sentence of six years and fines upwards of $16,000 each.  Hoping 
that the raid indicates a new trend in enforcing Internet piracy, 
local industry is advocating for greater international cooperation 
and IPR training, and pushing for changes in legislation which would 
force Internet Service Providers to prevent illegal file-sharing. 
End Summary. 
 
---------- 
Surprise Raid 
---------- 
 
2. (U) Early in the morning on May 26, Russian federal and local 
Moscow law enforcement conducted a coordinated raid against the 
"Interfilm" release group. The group operated Interfilm.ru, an 
illegal website that utilized bit-torrent technology (a file-sharing 
application effective for distributing large media files) and 
offered unlicensed and pre-released movies. Thousands of American 
and Russian movie titles were available for download.  The site 
targeted not only a Russian audience, but also the Baltics and 
former Soviet markets as well. In addition, "Interfilm" had 
agreements with three other illegal release groups for exchanging 
newly-pirated titles on other Internet sites. 
 
3. (SBU) Dozens of law enforcement officials took part in the raid, 
including officials from the Ministry of Interior's Cyber Crimes 
Unit (also known as "Department K") and the MVD's Investigative 
Committee, as well as representatives from the Russian Anti-Piracy 
Organization (RAPO), which represents the interests of the Motion 
Picture Association. During the raid, several people were arrested, 
including the website owners, a man and his wife, who were known 
only by aliases, "Ripper" and "Nadezhda." According to industry, the 
couple grossed more than $32,000 in the two years they managed the 
website. RAPO told us that while it took Russian law enforcement 
months to plan it, the raid was a surprise.  Upon entering the 
residence, police and RAPO representatives found the computers still 
on, and seized vital evidence for further examination and analysis. 
Authorities filed a criminal case against Interfilm operators and 
are seeking the maximum prison sentence of six years and fines 
upwards of $16,000 each. 
 
---------- 
International Connections 
---------- 
 
4. (U) Internet pirates tend to "spread out" internationally, making 
enforcement more difficult. Interfilm.ru was no exception.  The site 
was hosted by a Dutch ISP, Leaseweb. Payment to Leaseweb for hosting 
the site came from Ukraine via the U.S.-based e-commerce website 
Paypal. Immediately following the raid in Moscow, a Dutch trade 
association, BREIN, representing the recording industry and movie 
studios, submitted a "take-down" request to Leaseweb. Leaseweb 
complied with the request and took down the site. However, the site 
later re-opened for business in the Netherlands under a new name. 
 
5. (SBU) This raid and take-down represents the GOR's first action 
against any illegal Internet site since the infamous case of 
AllofMP3.com, an illegal on-line music store that was owned and 
operated by a Russian company, MediaServices. Site owners utilized a 
loophole in Russian licensing laws to operate with impunity for 
seven years.  Under pressure from the USG and the copyright 
industry, access to the site was restricted in 2007.  Although 
AllofMP3.com remains down, in 2007, a Moscow City Court acquitted 
MediaServices owner Denis Kvasov. Similar to Interfilm, 
MediaServices quickly re-grouped and opened other illegal sites 
under different domain names. 
 
---------- 
Minimum Monetary Thresholds Are Too High 
--------- 
 
MOSCOW 00001869  002 OF 002 
 
 
 
6. (SBU) Illegal on-line film and software stores are easier to 
prosecute than those selling music because it is easier to meet the 
minimum monetary threshold necessary to prosecute the case under 
Russia's Criminal Code.  Russia's Cybercrime investigators must 
provide evidence to the court that the minimum monetary threshold of 
250,000 rubles (approx $8000) of damages has been met for the crime 
to be considered serious under Russia's Criminal Code.  To make a &
#x000A;case against an illegal music site, police must prove thousands of 
instances of copyright infringement of songs that sold for pennies 
for the case to add up to the minimum monetary threshold. Rights 
holders often argue that the minimum monetary threshold should be 
lowered.  In the case against Interfilm, prosecutors are using 
Russian Supreme Court Plenum Ruling, "On the Judicial Practice on 
Hearing Criminal Cases on Copyright, Neighboring Rights, Inventors, 
Patent Rights Violations, and Illegal Use of Trademark" to make the 
case.  Prosecutors are calculating damages based on input from 
rights holders and the average retail value of a legitimate DVD 
(approximately 270 rubles or about $8.50). For pre-released titles, 
they are using industry's estimated losses based on predicted 
box-office sales. 
 
---------- 
Best Practices 
---------- 
 
7. (SBU) Impressed by RAPO's cooperation with Russian law 
enforcement to take action against an illegal film website, other 
industry groups, such as the Business Software Alliance, want to 
replicate the success by working with law enforcement to take action 
against illegal software sites.  RAPO representatives assert that 
training programs on prosecuting and investigating IPR cases and 
conferences that promote international cooperation on IPR are key. 
Although it's difficult to measure the impact of IPR training 
programs, the raid on Interfilm occurred just one month after the 
same MVD Cybercrime investigators who took part in the raid on 
Interfilm also participated in the recent USPTO training program for 
law enforcement officials "Northwest Baltic Regional Conference on 
Criminal Enforcement of IPR in the Digital Environment," April 28-29 
in Helsinki, which brought together law enforcement officials from 
the Baltics, Finland, UK and Russia (reftel). At the conference, 
several participants noted the timeliness of the topics and said 
they were sure that the information provided at the conference would 
be useful to them.  Hoping that the raid indicates a new trend in 
enforcing Internet piracy, local industry continues to push for more 
international cooperation, training on IPR, and legislation which 
would force Internet Service Providers to prevent illegal 
file-sharing. 
 
 
BEYRLE

Wikileaks